This library provides an implementation of expected terms with an API that is inspired by the optional library and C++ standardization proposals for an Expected<T> type. An expected term is an opaque compound term that either contains an expected value or an error informing why the expected value is not present. Expected terms provide an alternative to generating an exception (or a failure) when something unexpected happens when asking for a value. This allows e.g. separating the code that constructs expected terms from the code that processes them, which is then free to deal if necessary and at its convenience with any unexpected events.

API documentation

Open the ../../docs/library_index.html#expecteds link in a web browser.


To load all entities in this library, load the loader.lgt file:

| ?- logtalk_load(expecteds(loader)).


To test this library predicates, load the tester.lgt file:

| ?- logtalk_load(expecteds(tester)).


The expected object provides constructors for expected terms. For example:

| ?- expected::of_expected(1, Expected).

The created expected terms can then be passed as parameters to the expected/1 parametric object. For example:

| ?- expected::of_expected(1, Expected), expected(Expected)::or_else(Value, 0).
Expected = expected(1),
Value = 1

| ?- expected::of_unexpected(-1, Expected), expected(Expected)::or_else(Value, 0).
Expected = unexpected(-1),
Value = 0

The either object provides types and predicates for extended type-checking and predicates for handling lists of expected terms.

See also

The optionals library.