asserta/1

Description

asserta(Head)
asserta((Head:-Body))

Asserts a clause as the first one for an object dynamic predicate. If the predicate is not previously declared (using a scope directive), then a dynamic predicate declaration is added to the object (assuming that we are asserting locally or that the dynamic_declarations compiler flag was set to allow when the object was created or compiled).

When the predicate indicator for Head is declared in a uses/2 or use_module/2 directive, the clause is asserted in the referenced object or module.

This method may be used to assert clauses for predicates that are not declared dynamic for dynamic objects provided that the predicates are declared in this. This allows easy initialization of dynamically created objects when writing constructors.

Modes and number of proofs

asserta(+clause) - one

Errors

Head is a variable:
instantiation_error
Head is a neither a variable nor a callable term:
type_error(callable, Head)
Body cannot be converted to a goal:
type_error(callable, Body)
The predicate indicator of Head, Name/Arity, is that of a private predicate:
permission_error(modify, private_predicate, Name/Arity)
The predicate indicator of Head, Name/Arity, is that of a protected predicate:
permission_error(modify, protected_predicate, Name/Arity)
The predicate indicator of Head, Name/Arity, is that of a static predicate:
permission_error(modify, static_predicate, Name/Arity)
The predicate indicator of Head, Name/Arity, does not match a declared predicate and the target object was created or compiled with support for dynamic declaration of predicates turned off:
permission_error(create, predicate_declaration, Name/Arity)

Examples

To assert a clause as the first one for a local dynamic predicate or a dynamic predicate in this:
asserta(Clause)
To assert a clause as the first one for any public or protected dynamic predicate in self:
::asserta(Clause)
To assert a clause as the first one for any public dynamic predicate in an explicit object:
Object::asserta(Clause)